Terms & Definitions

  1. Ahimsa– Nonviolence: One of the Yamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  2. Anicca (sounds like eneecheh)- Impermanence: Everything in the universe comes and goes.
  3. Aparigraha– Non-Greed/Non-Attachment: One of the Yamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  4. Asamprajnata (Samadhi)- Undistinguished “I” of the pure self.
  5.  Asana– Limb Three Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Stretching and body work.
  6. Asteya– Non-Stealing: One of the Yamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  7. Bandha– Internal lock.
  8. Brahmacharya– Self-Control: One of the Yamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Other Types Yoga.
  9. Chitta Vrittis– Mind distortions/delusions.
  10. Dharana– Limb Six Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Concentration and the development of a pure, well-cultivated mind.
  11. Dharma– The nature of things. Is often associated with rightful work or duties.
  12. Dhyana– Limb Seven Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Meditation
  13. Dukkha– Suffering (All life is/can be suffering): The first of the Four Noble Truths.
  14. Eightfold Path– Eight-limbed path practiced in Raja (Royal) and some other types of Yoga. The Limbs of this path include: Yamas, Niyamas, Asanas, Pranayamas, Pratyaharas, Dharanas, Dhyanas, and Samadhi.
  15. Four Noble Truths– The Four Truths of Life according to Gautama Siddhartha (The Buddha). These include: dukka, samudaya, nirhodha, and magga.
  16. Gunas– The three constituents of Prana (or force): sattva, rajas, and tamas.
  17. Ishwara Pranidhana– Devotion to a higher path/practice: One of the Niyamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Other Types Yoga.
  18. Jivanmukta– One who exists in physical expression but is simultaneously liberated from it.
  19. Jnana– Pure awareness acquired through meditation.
  20. Karma– A non-judgmental and neutral law of cause and effect that states that thoughts, words, and actions have an effect in the world.
  21. Magga– Liberation from suffering-There is a path (Eightfold Path or any other Yogic path) that liberates one from the inevitable and ongoing sufferings of life: The fourth of the Four Noble Truths.
  22. Maya– Illusions of/in the world.
  23. Mudra– Purposeful hand gesture.
  24. Mantra– Chant, song, internally generated sound used purposefully in practice.
  25. Nidra– Sutra 10: Sleep.
  26. Nirhodha– All suffering has a beginning/end/reason: The third of the Four Noble Truths.
  27. Niyama– Limb Two Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Habits and ethical practices.
  28. Prakriti– Elemental creative force/energy. Original natural “form” beyond perception.
  29. Pramana- Sutra 7: Correct or right knowledge.
  30. Prana– Force/energy.
  31. Pranayama– Limb Four Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Breath (force/energy) work.
  32. Pratyahara– Limb Five Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Mastery of the senses.
  33. Purusa– The pure self of Asamrajnata Samadhi.
  34. Rajas– Activity.
  35. Satya– Truthfulness: One of the Yamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  36. Samadhi– Limb Eight Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: True contemplation which brings union with our Divine aspects/expressions.
  37. Samskara– Impression in the mind associated with past actions, words, desires, feelings, and thoughts.
  38. Samprajnata (Samadhi)- Distinguished “I.”
  39. Samudaya– There is a cause to suffering: The second of the Four Noble Truths.
  40. Santosha– Contentment: One of the Niyamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  41. Shaucha– Self-Purification: One of the Niyama One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  42. Smrtayah (smirti, smirtih)- Sutra 11: Memory.
  43. Sutra– Translates to “thread.” In Yoga, they refer to philosophical lessons to be practiced in Raja (Royal) and some other types of Yoga.
  44. Sattva– Tranqulity.
  45. Sattvic– “[T]he quality of goodness, positivity, truth, serenity, balance, peacefulness, and virtuousness that is drawn towards Dharma and Jnana” (Wikipedia).
  46. Swadhyay– Self-Study: One of the Niyamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  47. Tamas– Inertia.
  48. Tapa– Self-Discipline: One of the Niyamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  49. Vairagya– Non-attachment.
  50. Vikalpa– Sutra 9: Verbal delusion, imagination.
  51. Viparyaya Sutra 8: Misconception, incorrect knowledge.
  52. VrittiSee Chitta Vrittis
  53. Yama Limb One Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: The values, morals, and restraints that we choose to abide by.
  54. Yoga– Translates to “union.” It is a science of the mind and body that focuses on the connection of body, mind, breath, and spirit, as well as the expression of, and union with, one’s highest self. The practice originated in India.