Terms & Definitions

  1. Ahimsa– Nonviolence: One of the Yamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  2. Ajapa– Total absorption of a mantra.
  3. Aladani– The transition into “deep sleep” or formless thought. This is a state of latent impressions and knowledge that include dormant Samskaras and past karmas. This state can also be a distraction if one gets attached.
  4. Anicca (sounds like eneecheh)- Impermanence: Everything in the universe comes and goes.
  5. Aparigraha– Non-Greed/Non-Attachment: One of the Yamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  6. Asamprajnata (Samadhi)- Undistinguished “I” of the pure self.
  7.  Asana– Limb Three Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Stretching and bodywork.
  8. Asteya– Non-Stealing: One of the Yamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  9. Atman– True Self.
  10. Aum– See OM.
  11. Bandha– Internal lock.
  12. Brahmacharya– Self-Control: One of the Yamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Other Types Yoga.
  13. Chitta Vrittis– Mind distortions/delusions.
  14. Dharana– Limb Six Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Concentration and the development of a pure, well-cultivated mind.
  15. Dharma– The nature of things. Is often associated with rightful work or duties. “The meaning of dharma includes virtue, justice, law, duty, morality, religion, religious merit and steadfast decree.” (Yoga Sutras of Patanjali)
  16. Dharmamegha– The highest discriminative (telling reality from fantasy, truth from lies, etc) awareness.
  17. Dhyana– Limb Seven Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Meditation
  18. Dukkha– Suffering (All life is/can be suffering): The first of the Four Noble Truths.
  19. Ekagrata Parinamh– Onepointedness.
  20. Eightfold Path– Eight-limbed path practiced in Raja (Royal) and some other types of Yoga. The Limbs of this path include: Yamas, Niyamas, Asanas, Pranayamas, Pratyaharas, Dharanas, Dhyanas, and Samadhi.
  21. Four Noble Truths– The Four Truths of Life according to Gautama Siddhartha (The Buddha). These include: dukka, samudaya, nirhodha, and magga.
  22. Gunas– The three constituents of Prana (or force): sattva, rajas, and tamas.
  23. Guruh/Guru– Teacher
  24. Ishwara Pranidhana– Devotion to a higher path/practice: One of the Niyamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Other Types Yoga.
  25. Isvara– Pure-self-knowledge.
  26. Japa– Repetition of a mantra.
  27. Jivanmukta– One who exists in physical expression but is simultaneously liberated from it.
  28. Jnana– Pure awareness acquired through meditation.
  29. Kaivalya– Independence from primal matter.
  30. Karma– A non-judgmental and neutral law of cause and effect that states that thoughts, words, and actions have an effect in the world.
  31. Magga– Liberation from suffering-There is a path (Eightfold Path or any other Yogic path) that liberates one from the inevitable and ongoing sufferings of life: The fourth of the Four Noble Truths.
  32. Mahapurascharna– Deeply meditative state attained by the most devoted Yogis after 2.4 million mantra recitations.
  33. Maha-Videha– Perception outside of the mind.
  34. Maya– Illusions of/in the world.
  35. Mudra– Purposeful hand gesture.
  36. Mantra– Chant, song, internally generated sound used purposefully in practice.
  37. Nidra– Sutra 10: Sleep.
  38. Nirhodha– All suffering has a beginning/end/reason: The third of the Four Noble Truths.
  39. Nirodha Parinamh– Flow of suppressing mind-stuff as they arise. Mind-mastery.
  40. Nirbija (Samadhi)– “Seedless” Samadhi in which impressions are wiped out and total Union with the True Self is obtained.
  41. Nirvicara– Non-reflective higher, Asamprajnata, Samadhi on subtle objects where the object shines above the I-am, and “the supreme Self shines.” Impressions are wiped out, and “rtambhara (God) prajna (Deep Sleep/Subconscious Mind State), or the absolute true consciousness” is attained (Yoga Sutras of Patanjali).
  42. Nirvitarka– The second stage of Lower, or Samprajnata Samadhi, in which the knowledge of an object shines above the name, form, and quality.
  43. Niyama– Limb Two Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Habits and ethical practices.
  44. Om– Universal sound and symbol of Yoga.
  45. Prakriti– Elemental creative force/energy. Original natural “form” beyond perception.
  46. Prajna– The “deep sleep”/subconscious state of consciousness symbolized by the M, or “mmmm,” of the OM/AUM symbol/word and sound.
  47. Pramana Sutra 7: Correct or right knowledge.
  48. Prana– Force/energy.
  49. Pranayama– Limb Four Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Breath (force/energy) work.
  50. Pratipaksa Bhavana– The practice of replacing negative thoughts with the opposite (positive thoughts), or reflecting upon how negative thoughts (and their resulting actions) bring pain.
  51. Pratyahara– Limb Five Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: Mastery of the senses.
  52. Purascharna– Clear, pure, mind attained after 125,000 manta repetitions.
  53. Purusa– The pure self of Asamrajnata Samadhi. The unchanging/eternal source of all creation.
  54. Rajas– Activity.
  55. Rtambhara– God, Upholder of Truth.
  56. Sabja– “With seed” of Samskara impressions.
  57. Sadhana– Daily spiritual practice.
  58. Satya– Truthfulness: One of the Yamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  59. Samadhi– Limb Eight Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: True contemplation which brings union with our Divine aspects/expressions.
  60. Samadhih Parinamh– One-pointed focus.
  61. Samskara– Impression in the mind associated with past actions, words, desires, feelings, and thoughts.
  62. Samprajnata (Samadhi)- Distinguished “I.”
  63. Samudaya– There is a cause to suffering: The second of the Four Noble Truths.
  64. Samyama– Work done to attain Samadhi.
  65. Samyamh– The practice of dharana, dhyana and samadhi upon one object.
  66. Sangha– Community.
  67. Sankalpa– Heartfelt, dedicated, intention.
  68. Santosha– Contentment: One of the Niyamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  69. Savicara (Samadhi)– Reflective, Asamprajnata, Samadhi on subtle objects.
  70. Shaucha– Self-Purification: One of the Niyama One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  71. Smrtayah (smirti, smirtih)- Sutra 11: Memory.
  72. Sutra– Translates to “thread.” In Yoga, they refer to philosophical lessons to be practiced in Raja (Royal) and some other types of Yoga.
  73. Sattva– Tranquility.
  74. Sattvic– “[T]he quality of goodness, positivity, truth, serenity, balance, peacefulness, and virtuousness that is drawn towards Dharma and Jnana” (Wikipedia).
  75. Savitarka– The initial state of Dhyana (meditation) that leads to a type of Samprajnata Samadhi. A lower, or first step, of Samadhi.
  76. Swadhyay– Self-Study: One of the Niyamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  77. Taijasa– The “dreaming” state of consciousness symbolized by the U, or “oo,” of the OM/AUM symbol/word and sound.
  78. Tamas– Inertia.
  79. Tapa– Self-Discipline: One of the Niyamas One Must Abide By In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga.
  80. Turiya– The silence/pure state of consciousness symbolized by the silence that precedes the OM/AUM symbol/word and sound.
  81. Unmani – The transition between the concrete form of Vaishvaanara and the dreaming state. Often referred to as a state of “no mind” different from Samadhi. This state exists between the conscious and unconscious mind.
  82. Vairagya– Non-attachment.
  83. Vasanas– Subconscious impressions.
  84. Vaishvaanara– The gross, waking state of consciousness symbolized by the A, or “ah,” of the OM/AUM symbol/word and sound.
  85. Vikalpa– Sutra 9: Verbal delusion, imagination.
  86. Viparyaya Sutra 8: Misconception, incorrect knowledge.
  87. VrittiSee Chitta Vrittis
  88. Yama Limb One Of The Eightfold Path In Raja (Royal), and Some Other Types Yoga: The values, morals, and restraints that we choose to abide by.
  89. Yoga– Translates into “union.” It is a science of the mind and body that focuses on the connection of body, mind, breath, and spirit, as well as the expression of, and union with, one’s highest self. The practice originated in India.

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