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(The Following Sutras Were Translated Into English By Sri Swami Satchidananda And Are Briefly Summarized By Me [In Brackets] When Applicable)


Chapter One (Samadhi Pada – Enlightenment/Bliss/Liberation Foot | Section on Enlightenment)


An introduction to Yogic theory and an overview of Samadhi.


Click Here To Access Our Yoga Terms And Definitions Page


  1. Now the exposition of Yoga is being made. [Now we will have a discourse/conversation that explains the meaning and purpose of the self-discipline/devoted practice of Yoga/Union.]
  2. The restraint of the modification of the mind-stuff is Yoga. [Yoga/Union is control over the changing nature of mind-stuff, ie. thoughts, memories, compulsions, delusions, etc.]
  3. Then the Seer (Self) abides in Its own nature. [Once the mind-stuff is restrained, then a person can accept and express his/her True Self/nature.]
  4. At other times (the Self appears to) assume the forms of the mental modifications. [When one is not expressing his/her True Self, he/she has the appearance of over-identifying with his/her changing thoughts/distortions. Over-identifying with distortions creates a false sense of self.]
  5. There are five kinds of mental modification which are either painful or painless. [Whether painful or painless, distortions are distortions.]
  6. They are right knowledge, misconception, verbal delusion, sleep and memory.
  7. The source of right knowledge are direct perception, inference and scriptural testimony.
  8. Misconception occurs when knowledge of something is not based upon true form.
  9. An image that arises on hearing words without any reality (as its basis) is verbal delusion.
  10. That mental modification supported by cognition of nothingness is sleep.
  11. When a mental modification of an object previously experienced and not forgotten comes back to consciousness, that is memory.
  12. These mental modifications are restrained by practice and non-attachment. [You gain control of your thoughts through practice and non-attachment.]
  13. Of these two, effort toward steadiness of mind is practice. [Keeping your mind steady is considered practice.]
  14. Practice becomes firmly grounded when well attended to for a long time, without break and in all earnestness. [Your practice becomes second nature, and firmly ingrained within you, when you partake in it for a long time, without stopping, and with sincere dedication.]
  15. The consciousness of self-mastery in one who is free from craving from objects seen or heard about is non-attachment. [The consciousness of self-mastery is free from desire for things seen and imagined.]
  16. When there is non-thirst for even the gunas (constituents of Nature) due to the realization of the Purusa (True Self), that is supreme non-attachment. [When there is no desire for even desirable qualities of being due to the attainment of True Self-expression, then you have achieved supreme non-attachment/self-mastery.]
  17. Samprajnata samadhi is accompanied by reasoning, reflecting, rejoicing in pure I-am-ness.
  18. By the firmly convicted practice of the complete cessation of the mental modifications, the impressions only remain. This is the other samadhi [asamprajnata samadhi].
  19. Those who merely leave their physical bodies and attain the state of celestial deities, or those who get merged with Nature, have rebirth. [Transcending the body to achieve cosmic consciousness is rebirth.]
  20. For the others, this asamprajnata samadhi could come through faith [devotion], vigor [effort], memory [learning], contemplation [deep reflection] and or/by discernment [discernment here means the absence of judgment in order to obtain true understanding].
  21. To the keen and intent practitioner, this (samadhi) comes quickly.
  22. The time necessary for success further depends on whether the practice is mild, medium or intense.
  23. Or (samadhi is attained) by devotion with total dedication to Isvara.
  24. Isvara is the supreme Purusa unaffected by any afflictions, actions, fruits of actions or by the inner impressions of desire.
  25. In Isvara is the complete manifestation of the seed of omniscience.
  26. Unconditioned by time, Isvara is the teacher of even the most ancient teachers.
  27. The word expressive of Isvara is the mystic sound OM. (OM is God’s name as well as form.)
  28. To repeat it [OM] with reflection upon its meaning is an aid.
  29. From this practice all the obstacles disappear and simultaneously dawns knowledge of the inner Self.
  30. Disease, dullness, doubt, carelessness, laziness, sensuality, false perception, failure to reach firm ground and slipping from the firm ground gained–these distractions of the mind-stuff are the obstacles.
  31. Accompaniments to the mental distractions include distress, despair, trembling of the body and disturbed breathing.
  32. The practice of concentration on a single subject (or the use of one technique) is the best way to prevent the obstacles and their accompaniments.
  33. By cultivating attitudes of friendliness toward the happy, compassion for the unhappy, delight in the virtuous and disregard toward the wicked, the mind-stuff retains its undisturbed calmness.
  34. Or that calm is retained by the controlled exhalation or retention of the breath.
  35. Or the concentration on subtle sense perceptions can cause steadiness of mind.
  36. Or by concentrating on the supreme, ever-blissful Light within.
  37. Or by concentrating on a great soul’s mind which is totally freed from attachment to sense objects. [Christ or the Buddha, for example.]
  38. Or by concentrating on an experience had during dream or deep sleep.
  39. Or by meditation on anything one chooses that is elevating.
  40. Gradually, one’s mastery in concentration extends from the primal atom to the greatest magnitude.
  41. Just as the naturally pure crystal assumes shapes and colors of objects placed near it, so the yogi’s mind, with its totally weakened modifications, becomes clear and balanced and attains the state devoid of differentiation between knower, knowable and knowledge. This culmination of meditation is samadhi.
  42. The samadhi in which name, form and knowledge of them is mixed is called savitarka samadhi, or samadhi with deliberation.
  43. When the memory is well purified, the knowledge of the object of concentration shines alone, devoid of the distinction of name and quality. This is nirvitarka samadhi, or samadhi without deliberation.
  44. In the same way, both savicara (reflective) and nirvicara (super or non-reflective) samadhi, which are practice upon subtle objects, are explained.
  45. The subtlety of possible objects of concentration ends only at the undeniable.
  46. Each of the above kinds of samadhi are sabja (with seed), which could bring one back into bondage or mental disturbance.
  47. In the purity of nirvicara samadhi the supreme Self shines.
  48. This is rtambhara prajna, or the absolute true consciousness.
  49. This special truth is totally different from the knowledge gained by hearing, study of scripture or inference.
  50. The impression produced by this samadhi wipes out all other impressions.
  51. When even this impression is wiped out, every impression is totally wiped out and there is nirbija (seedless samadhi).

Chapter One Study Overview

Chapter One Introductions & Prompts

Week 2: Your Practice Is Your Path (Sutra 1) Week 2: Your Practice Is Your Path (Sutra 1)
Week 3: On Mind Mastery | Choose To “Love More Worry Less” (Sutra 2) Week 3: On Mind Mastery | Choose To “Love More Worry Less” (Sutra 2)
Week 4: Looking Into The Mirror Of Your Projected Mind (Sutra 3) Week 4: Looking Into The Mirror Of Your Projected Mind (Sutra 3)
Week 5: Discovering Your True Self Identity (Sutra 4) Week 5: Discovering Your True Self Identity (Sutra 4)
Week 6: Let Your Thoughts Be Your Guidepost (Sutra 5) Week 6: Let Your Thoughts Be Your Guidepost (Sutra 5)
Week 7: The 5 Types Of Mental Distortions According To Patanjali (Sutras 6-11) Week 7: The 5 Types Of Mental Distortions According To Patanjali (Sutras 6-11)
Week 8: Gaining Control Of The Mind Through Practice And Non-Attachment (Sutra 12) Week 8: Gaining Control Of The Mind Through Practice And Non-Attachment (Sutra 12)
Week 9: Practicing At All Times (Sutra 13) Week 9: Practicing At All Times (Sutra 13)
Week 10: Practicing Continuously And With Commitment For As Long As It Takes (Sutra 14) Week 10: Practicing Continuously And With Commitment For As Long As It Takes (Sutra 14)
Week 11: Freedom From [Meaning Non-Attachment], Not Denouncement of, Desire Brings Peace (Sutra 15) Week 11: Freedom From [Meaning Non-Attachment], Not Denouncement of, Desire Brings Peace (Sutra 15)
Week 12: How Earthly Desires Have No Comparison To Connection With One’s Highest Expression (Sutra 16) Week 12: How Earthly Desires Have No Comparison To Connection With One’s Highest Expression (Sutra 16)
Week 13: Contraindications For Samadhi | A Lesson For All Yoga Practitioners, But Particularly For Healers, Teachers, And Those Who Are In Service To Their Spirit, A Cause, Or To Others (Sutra 17) Week 13: Contraindications For Samadhi | A Lesson For All Yoga Practitioners, But Particularly For Healers, Teachers, And Those Who Are In Service To Their Spirit, A Cause, Or To Others (Sutra 17)
Week 14: What Does It Mean To “Be In The World But Not Of It” (Sutra 18) Week 14: What Does It Mean To “Be In The World But Not Of It” (Sutra 18)
Week 15: On Spiritual Rebirth (Sutra 19) Week 15: On Spiritual Rebirth (Sutra 19)
Week 16: The Path To/of Deep Contemplation (Sutra 20) Week 16: The Path To/of Deep Contemplation (Sutra 20)
Week 17: Speeds Of Travel Towards Samadhi (Sutras 21-23) Week 17: Speeds Of Travel Towards Samadhi (Sutras 21-23)
Week 18: The Truth That Your Pure Self Cannot Be Corrupted (Sutra 24) Week 18: The Truth That Your Pure Self Cannot Be Corrupted (Sutra 24)
Week 19:  Your Infinite Potential To Know (Sutra 25) Week 19: Your Infinite Potential To Know (Sutra 25)
Week 20: The Timeless, Limitless, Guru (Sutra 26) Week 20: The Timeless, Limitless, Guru (Sutra 26)
Week 21: The OM (AUM) Sound And Symbol In Yoga (Sutra 27) Week 21: The OM (AUM) Sound And Symbol In Yoga (Sutra 27)
Week 22: Developing Personal Connection With OM/AUM (Sutra 28) Week 22: Developing Personal Connection With OM/AUM (Sutra 28)
Week 23: Moving From A Japa A Day to “Ajapa Japa” In Your Mantra Repetition Practice (Sutra 29) Week 23: Moving From A Japa A Day to “Ajapa Japa” In Your Mantra Repetition Practice (Sutra 29)
Week 24: The 9 Main Obstacles To Samadhi On Your Eightfold Path [And How To Avoid/Overcome Them] (Sutra 30) Week 24: The 9 Main Obstacles To Samadhi On Your Eightfold Path [And How To Avoid/Overcome Them] (Sutra 30)
Week 25: The Trauma And Suffering Caused By Separation From The Source And The True Self (Sutras 31-32) Week 25: The Trauma And Suffering Caused By Separation From The Source And The True Self (Sutras 31-32)
Week 26: The Way You Look At Others Should Not Disturb Your Inner Peace (Sutra 33) Week 26: The Way You Look At Others Should Not Disturb Your Inner Peace (Sutra 33)
Week 27:  The Breath-Mind Connection (Sutra 34) Week 27: The Breath-Mind Connection (Sutra 34)
Week 28: Moving To Subtler Levels Of Awareness In Your Practice | Using Concentration On Your Senses To Gain Inner Peace (Sutra 35) Week 28: Moving To Subtler Levels Of Awareness In Your Practice | Using Concentration On Your Senses To Gain Inner Peace (Sutra 35)
Week 29: Focusing On The Blissful Light Within (Sutra 36) Week 29: Focusing On The Blissful Light Within (Sutra 36)
Week 30: Drawing Inspiration And Strength From Attained And Liberated Spirits And Minds (Sutra 37) Week 30: Drawing Inspiration And Strength From Attained And Liberated Spirits And Minds (Sutra 37)
Week 31: Using Sleep [And Dreams] For Steadiness Of Mind And To Prepare For Deeper Meditation (Sutra 38) Week 31: Using Sleep [And Dreams] For Steadiness Of Mind And To Prepare For Deeper Meditation (Sutra 38)
Week 32: Doing What Works Best For You (Sutra 39) Week 32: Doing What Works Best For You (Sutra 39)
Week 33: Mastery Of Concentration (Sutra 40) Week 33: Mastery Of Concentration (Sutra 40)
Week 34: When Nothing Else Matters Or Exists Except The Object Of Your Focus (Sutra 41) Week 34: When Nothing Else Matters Or Exists Except The Object Of Your Focus (Sutra 41)
Week 35: The First Type of Samprajnata Samadhi | Savitarka (Sutra 42) Week 35: The First Type of Samprajnata Samadhi | Savitarka (Sutra 42)
Week 36: The Second Type/Level of Samprajnata Samadhi | Nirvitarka (Sutra 43) Week 36: The Second Type/Level of Samprajnata Samadhi | Nirvitarka (Sutra 43)
Week 37: Samadhi On Subtle Objects And Transcending The Personal “I” | Samadhi Levels 3-5 – Moving From Samprajnata To Asamprajnata Samadhi & Beyond (Sutras 44-51) Week 37: Samadhi On Subtle Objects And Transcending The Personal “I” | Samadhi Levels 3-5 – Moving From Samprajnata To Asamprajnata Samadhi & Beyond (Sutras 44-51)

Chapter One Check-ins

Week 1: Check-In | You Must Let Go In Order To Grow Week 1: Check-In | You Must Let Go In Order To Grow
Week 2: Check-In | Being Grateful For your Body And the Life That It Sustains Week 2: Check-In | Being Grateful For your Body And the Life That It Sustains
Week 3: Check-in | Why Practice Yoga? Week 3: Check-in | Why Practice Yoga?
Week 4: Check-in | Ask Yourself This Question Every Day Week 4: Check-in | Ask Yourself This Question Every Day
Week 5: Check-in | Our Connection To All Of Creation Week 5: Check-in | Our Connection To All Of Creation
Week 6: Check-In | The Greatest Christmas Gift You Can Give To Yourself And Others Week 6: Check-In | The Greatest Christmas Gift You Can Give To Yourself And Others
Week 7: Check-In | Letting Go Of Mental Distortions And Suffering Through Mindfulness Week 7: Check-In | Letting Go Of Mental Distortions And Suffering Through Mindfulness
Week 8: Check-In | Remain A Neutral Observer Of Yourself And Your Life Week 8: Check-In | Remain A Neutral Observer Of Yourself And Your Life
Week 9: Check-In | Make Peace Your Natural State Week 9: Check-In | Make Peace Your Natural State
Week 10: Check-In | The Prerequisites For Success In Yoga Week 10: Check-In | The Prerequisites For Success In Yoga
Week 11: Check-In | How Attachment To Desires Creates Suffering And Wasted Energy Week 11: Check-In | How Attachment To Desires Creates Suffering And Wasted Energy
Week 12: Check-in | Why You Lose Interest In Lower Desires When You Connect To The Truth Of Who You Really Are Week 12: Check-in | Why You Lose Interest In Lower Desires When You Connect To The Truth Of Who You Really Are
Week 13: Check-In | Why Yoga Is One Of The Highest Forms Of Service (When All Limbs Are Practiced) Week 13: Check-In | Why Yoga Is One Of The Highest Forms Of Service (When All Limbs Are Practiced)
Week 14: Check-In | Some Points On Self-Reflection And Self-Expression (Moving From Distinguished To Undistinguished Samadhi In Yoga) Week 14: Check-In | Some Points On Self-Reflection And Self-Expression (Moving From Distinguished To Undistinguished Samadhi In Yoga)
Week 15: Check-in | On Reincarnation And Rebirth Week 15: Check-in | On Reincarnation And Rebirth
Week 16: Check-in | Pathways To Asamprajnata Samadhi (With Infographic) Week 16: Check-in | Pathways To Asamprajnata Samadhi (With Infographic)
Week 17: Check-in | The Result Of Commited Practice Week 17: Check-in | The Result Of Commited Practice
Week 18: Check-In | The True Self Of Samadhi Week 18: Check-In | The True Self Of Samadhi
Week 19: Check-In | The Intelligence And Magnificence Of Existence Week 19: Check-In | The Intelligence And Magnificence Of Existence
Week 20: Check-In | Becoming Attuned To The Knowledge, Teacher, And Astute Observer Within Week 20: Check-In | Becoming Attuned To The Knowledge, Teacher, And Astute Observer Within
Week 21: Check-In | As Above, So Below (Sutra 27) Week 21: Check-In | As Above, So Below (Sutra 27)
Week 22: Check-in | What Goes Into An Effective Japa/Mantra Repetition Practice? Week 22: Check-in | What Goes Into An Effective Japa/Mantra Repetition Practice?
Week 24: Check-In | What Focus Means For Your Positive Movement Forward Week 24: Check-In | What Focus Means For Your Positive Movement Forward
Week 25: Check-In | Finding And Creating Inner Peace (Even Through Pain) Week 25: Check-In | Finding And Creating Inner Peace (Even Through Pain)
Week 26: Check-In | Keeping Things In Perspective In Your Yoga Practice Week 26: Check-In | Keeping Things In Perspective In Your Yoga Practice
Week 27: Check-In | Yogic Breathing And Pranayama Foundations Week 27: Check-In | Yogic Breathing And Pranayama Foundations
Week 28: Check-In | The Importance Of Self-Awareness For Sensory Control Week 28: Check-In | The Importance Of Self-Awareness For Sensory Control
Week 29: Check-In | Keeping Your Inner Light Bright No Matter What Week 29: Check-In | Keeping Your Inner Light Bright No Matter What
Week 30: Check-In | Connection Through Shared Oneness Week 30: Check-In | Connection Through Shared Oneness
Week 31: Check-in | Gaining Insight From Dreams [With Guided Yoga Nidra Exercise] Week 31: Check-in | Gaining Insight From Dreams [With Guided Yoga Nidra Exercise]
Week 32: Check-In | Finding Your Personal Yoga Style And Route Back To Yourself Week 32: Check-In | Finding Your Personal Yoga Style And Route Back To Yourself
Week 33: Check-In | What Does It Means To Practice Concentration? Week 33: Check-In | What Does It Means To Practice Concentration?
Week 34: Check-In | Being One With The Object Of Your Attention Week 34: Check-In | Being One With The Object Of Your Attention
Week 35: Check-In | Discernment, And Knowing Week 35: Check-In | Discernment, And Knowing
Week 36: Check-In | Total Surrender To Your True Self Week 36: Check-In | Total Surrender To Your True Self
Week 37: Check-In | What Are Attachments & Compulsions And What Does Liberation Mean Week 37: Check-In | What Are Attachments & Compulsions And What Does Liberation Mean

Chapter One Reflections

Week 2: Reflections On The Practice As The Path (Sutra 1) Week 2: Reflections On The Practice As The Path (Sutra 1)
Week 3: Reflection on Mind Mastery | Choose To “Love More Worry Less” (Sutra 2) Week 3: Reflection on Mind Mastery | Choose To “Love More Worry Less” (Sutra 2)
Week 4: Reflections On Looking Into The Mirror of Our Projected Mind (Sutra 3) Week 4: Reflections On Looking Into The Mirror of Our Projected Mind (Sutra 3)
Week 5: Reflections On Discovering Our True Self Identity (Sutra 4) Week 5: Reflections On Discovering Our True Self Identity (Sutra 4)
Week 6: Reflections On Letting Your Thoughts Be Your Guide (Sutra 5) Week 6: Reflections On Letting Your Thoughts Be Your Guide (Sutra 5)
Week 7: Reflections On The Five Types Of Mental Distortions According To Patanjali (Sutras 6-11) Week 7: Reflections On The Five Types Of Mental Distortions According To Patanjali (Sutras 6-11)
Week 8: Reflections on Gaining Control Of Your Mind Through Practice And Non-Attachment (Sutra 12) Week 8: Reflections on Gaining Control Of Your Mind Through Practice And Non-Attachment (Sutra 12)
Week 9: Reflections On Practicing At All Times (Sutra 13) Week 9: Reflections On Practicing At All Times (Sutra 13)
Week 10: Reflections on Practicing Continuously And With Commitment For As Long As It Takes (Sutra 14) Week 10: Reflections on Practicing Continuously And With Commitment For As Long As It Takes (Sutra 14)
Week 11: Reflections On Freedom From [Meaning Non-Attachment], Not Denouncement of, Desire Bringing Peace (Sutra 15) Week 11: Reflections On Freedom From [Meaning Non-Attachment], Not Denouncement of, Desire Bringing Peace (Sutra 15)
Week 12: Reflections on How Earthly Desires Have No Comparison To Connection With One’s Highest Expression (Sutra 16) Week 12: Reflections on How Earthly Desires Have No Comparison To Connection With One’s Highest Expression (Sutra 16)
Week 13: Reflections On The Contraindications For Samadhi (Sutra 17) Week 13: Reflections On The Contraindications For Samadhi (Sutra 17)
Week 14: Reflections On What It Means To “Be In The World But Not Of It” (Sutra 18) Week 14: Reflections On What It Means To “Be In The World But Not Of It” (Sutra 18)
Week 15: Reflections On Spiritual Rebirth (Sutra 19) Week 15: Reflections On Spiritual Rebirth (Sutra 19)
Week 16: Reflections On The Path To/Of Deep Contemplation (Sutra 20) Week 16: Reflections On The Path To/Of Deep Contemplation (Sutra 20)
Week 17: Reflections On Speeds Of Travel Towards Samadhi (Sutras 21-23) Week 17: Reflections On Speeds Of Travel Towards Samadhi (Sutras 21-23)
Week 18: Reflections The Truth That Your Pure Self Cannot Be Corrupted (Sutras 24) Week 18: Reflections The Truth That Your Pure Self Cannot Be Corrupted (Sutras 24)
Week 19: Reflections On Your Infinite Potential To Know (Sutra 25) Week 19: Reflections On Your Infinite Potential To Know (Sutra 25)
Week 20: Reflections On The Timeless, Limitless, Guru (Sutra 26) Week 20: Reflections On The Timeless, Limitless, Guru (Sutra 26)
Week 21: Reflections On The OM/AUM Sound And Symbol In Yoga (Sutra 27) Week 21: Reflections On The OM/AUM Sound And Symbol In Yoga (Sutra 27)
Week 22: Reflections On Developing Personal Connection With OM/AUM [Through Japa Practice] (Sutra 28) Week 22: Reflections On Developing Personal Connection With OM/AUM [Through Japa Practice] (Sutra 28)
Week 23: Reflections On Moving From A Japa A Day to “Ajapa Japa” In Your Mantra Repetition Practice (Sutra 29) Week 23: Reflections On Moving From A Japa A Day to “Ajapa Japa” In Your Mantra Repetition Practice (Sutra 29)
Week 24: Reflections On The 9 Main Obstacles To Samadhi On Your Eightfold Path (Sutra 30) [With Guided Audio Exercise/Meditation] Week 24: Reflections On The 9 Main Obstacles To Samadhi On Your Eightfold Path (Sutra 30) [With Guided Audio Exercise/Meditation]
Week 25: Reflections On Meditation As A Means To Create Freedom From The Trauma And Suffering Caused By Separation From The Source And The True Self (Sutras 31-32) Week 25: Reflections On Meditation As A Means To Create Freedom From The Trauma And Suffering Caused By Separation From The Source And The True Self (Sutras 31-32)
Week 26: Reflection On The Fact That The Way You Look At Others Should Not Disturb Your Inner Peace (Sutra 33) Week 26: Reflection On The Fact That The Way You Look At Others Should Not Disturb Your Inner Peace (Sutra 33)
Week 27: Reflections On The Breath-Mind (And Everything) Connection (Sutra 34) Week 27: Reflections On The Breath-Mind (And Everything) Connection (Sutra 34)
Week 28: Reflections On Moving To Subtler Levels Of Awareness In Your Practice | Using Concentration On Your Senses To Gain Inner Peace (Sutra 35) Week 28: Reflections On Moving To Subtler Levels Of Awareness In Your Practice | Using Concentration On Your Senses To Gain Inner Peace (Sutra 35)
Week 29: Reflections On Focusing On The Blissful Light Within (Sutra 36) Week 29: Reflections On Focusing On The Blissful Light Within (Sutra 36)
Week 30: Reflections On Drawing Inspiration And Strength From Attained And Liberated Spirits And Minds (Sutra 37) Week 30: Reflections On Drawing Inspiration And Strength From Attained And Liberated Spirits And Minds (Sutra 37)
Week 31: Reflections On Using Sleep [And Dreams] For Steadiness Of Mind And To Prepare For Deeper Meditation (Sutra 38) Week 31: Reflections On Using Sleep [And Dreams] For Steadiness Of Mind And To Prepare For Deeper Meditation (Sutra 38)
Week 32: Reflections On Doing What Works Best For You (Sutra 39) Week 32: Reflections On Doing What Works Best For You (Sutra 39)
Week 33: Reflections On Mastery Of Concentration (Sutra 40) Week 33: Reflections On Mastery Of Concentration (Sutra 40)
Week 34: Reflections On When Nothing Else Matters Or Exists Except The Object Of Your Focus (Sutra 41) Week 34: Reflections On When Nothing Else Matters Or Exists Except The Object Of Your Focus (Sutra 41)
Week 35: Reflections On The First Type of Samprajnata Samadhi | Savitarka (Sutra 42) Week 35: Reflections On The First Type of Samprajnata Samadhi | Savitarka (Sutra 42)
Week 36: Reflections On The Second Type/Level of Samprajnata Samadhi | Nirvitarka (Sutra 43) Week 36: Reflections On The Second Type/Level of Samprajnata Samadhi | Nirvitarka (Sutra 43)
Week 37: Reflections On Samadhi On Subtle Objects And Transcending The Personal “I” | Samadhi Levels 3-5 – Moving From Samprajnata To Asamprajnata Samadhi & Beyond (Sutras 44-51) Week 37: Reflections On Samadhi On Subtle Objects And Transcending The Personal “I” | Samadhi Levels 3-5 – Moving From Samprajnata To Asamprajnata Samadhi & Beyond (Sutras 44-51)

Chapter Two (Sadhana Pada – Daily Spiritual Practice Foot | Section on Practice)


A discussion of the practical application of Yogic knowledge and theory. Provides an overview of Yoga Limbs 1-5.


Click Here To Access Our Yoga Terms And Definitions Page


  1. Accepting pain as help for purification, study of spiritual books and surrender to the Supreme Being constitute Yoga in practice.
  2. They help us minimize obstacles and attain samadhi.
  3. Ignorance, egoism, attachment, hatred and clinging to bodily life are the five obstacles.
  4. Ignorance is the field for the others mentioned after it, whether they be dormant, feeble, intercepted or sustained.
  5. Ignorance is regarding the impermanent as permanent, the impure as pure, the painful as pleasant and the non-Self as the Self.
  6. Egoism is the identification, as it were, of the power of the Seer (Purusa) with that of the instrument of seeing (body-mind).
  7. Attachment is that which follows identification with pleasurable experiences.
  8. Aversion is that which follows identification with painful experiences.
  9. Clinging to life, flowing by its own potency (due to past experience), exists even in the wise.
  10. In subtle form, these obstacles can be destroyed by resolving them back into their primal cause (the ego).
  11. In the active state, they can be destroyed by meditation.
  12. The womb of karmas (actions and reactions) has its root in these obstacles, and the karmas bring experiences in the seen (present) or in the seen (future) births.
  13. With the existence of the root, there will be fruits also; namely, the births of different species of life, their life spans and experiences.
  14. The karmas bear fruits of pleasure and pain caused by merit and demerit.
  15. To one of discrimination, everything is painful indeed, due to its consequences: the anxiety and fear over losing what is gained; the resulting impressions left in the mind to create renewed cravings; and the constant conflict among the three gunas, which control the mind.
  16. Pain that has not yet come is avoidable.
  17. The cause of that avoidable pain is the union of the Seer (Purusa) and the Seen (Prakrti or Nature).
  18. The seen is of the nature of the gunas: illumination, activity and inertia, and consists of the element and seen organs, whose purpose is to provide experiences and liberation to the Purusa.
  19. The stages of the gunas are specific, non-specific, defined and undefinable.
  20. The Seer is nothing but the power of seeing which, although pure, appears through the mind.
  21. The seen exists only for the sake of the Seer.
  22. Although destroyed for the one who has attained liberation, it (the seen) still exists for others, being common to them.
  23. The union of the Owner (Purusa) and Owned (Prakrti) caused the recognition of the nature and powers of both.
  24. The cause of this union is ignorance.
  25. Without this ignorance, no such union occurs. This is the independence of the Seer.
  26. Uninterrupted discriminative discernment is the method for its removal.
  27. One’s wisdom in the final stage is sevenfold. (One experiences the end of 1) the desire to know anything more; 2) the desire to stay away from anything; 3) the desire to gain anything new; 4) the desire to do anything; 5) sorrow; 6) fear; 7) delusion.)
  28. By the practice of the limbs of Yoga, the impurities dwindle away and there dawns the light of wisdom, leading to discriminative discernment.
  29. The eight limbs of Yoga are
    1. Yama (abstinence)
    2. Niyama (observance)
    3. Asana (posture practice)
    4. Pranayama (breath control)
    5. Pratyahara (sense withdrawal)
    6. Dharana (concentration)
    7. Dhyana (meditation)
    8. Samadhi (contemplation, absorption, superconscious state).
  30. Yama consists of nonviolence, truthfulness, non-stealing, continence and non-greed.
  31. These great vows are universal, not limited by class, place, time or circumstance.
  32. Niyama consists of purity, contentment, accepting but not causing pain, the study of spiritual books and worship of God (self-surrender).
  33. When disturbed by negative thoughts, opposite (positive) ones should be thought of. This is pratipaksa bhavana.
  34. When negative thoughts or acts of such violence, etc. are done, caused to be done or even approved of–whether incited by greed, anger or infatuation–whether indulged in with mind, medium or extreme intensity, they are based on ignorance and bring certain pain. Reflecting upon this is also pratipaksa bhavana.
  35. In the presence of one firmly established in nonviolence, all hostilities cease.
  36. To one established in truthfulness, actions and their results become subservient.
  37. To one established in non-stealing all wealth comes.
  38. By one established in continence, vigor is gained.
  39. When non-greed is confirmed, a thorough illumination of the how and why of one’s birth comes. [When you are not greedy, you become aware of your purpose in life.]
  40. By purification arises disgust for one’s own body and for contact with other bodies.
  41. Moreover, one gains purity of sattva, cheerfulness of mind, onepointedness, mastery over the senses and fitness for Self-realization.
  42. By contentment, supreme joy is gained.
  43. By austerity, impurities of body and senses are destroyed and occult powers gained.
  44. By study of spiritual books comes communion with one’s chosen deity.
  45. By total surrender to God, samadhi is attained.
  46. Asana is steady, comfortable posture.
  47. By lessening the natural tendency for restlessness and by meditating on the infinite, posture is mastered.
  48. Thereafter, one is not disturbed by the dualities.
  49. That (firm posture) being acquired, the movements of inhalation and exhalation should be controlled. This is pranayama.
  50. The modifications of the life-breath are either external, internal or stationary. They are to be regulated by space, time and number and are either long or short.
  51. There is a fourth kind of pranayama that occurs during concentration on an internal or external object.
  52. As its result, the veil over the inner light is destroyed.
  53. And the mind becomes fit for concentration.
  54. When the senses withdraw themselves from the objects and imitate, as it were, the nature of the mind-stuff, this is pratyaharah.
  55. Then follows supreme mastery over the senses.

Chapter Two Study Overview

Chapter Two Introductions & Prompts

Chapter Two Check-ins

Chapter Two Reflections


Chapter Three (Vibhuti Pada – Power Foot | Section on Spiritual Accomplishments And The Powers of Manifestation)


A discussion of the powers that one gains as a Yoga practitioner. Provides an overview of Yoga Limbs 6-8.


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  1. Dharana is the binding of the mind to one place, object or idea.
  2. Dhyana is the continuous flow of cognition toward that [one] object.
  3. Samadhi is the same meditation when there is the shining of the object alone, as if devoid of form.
  4. The practice of these three (dharana, dhyana and samadhi) upon one object is called samyamh.
  5. By the mastery of samyama comes the light of knowledge.
  6. Its practice is to be accomplished in stages.
  7. These three (dharana, dhyana and samadhi) are more internal than the preceding five limbs.
  8. Even these three are external to the seedless samadhi.
  9. The impressions which normally arise are made to disappear by the appearance of suppressive efforts, which in turn create new mental modifications. The moment of conjunction of the mind and new modifications is nirodha parinamh.
  10. The flow of nirodha parinamh becomes steady through habit.
  11. When there is a decline in distractedness and appearance of one-pointedness, then comes samadhih parinamh (development in samadhi).
  12. Then again when the subsiding past and rising present images are identical, there is ekagrata parinamh (one pointedness).
  13. By this (what has been said in the preceding three sutras), the transformations of the visible characteristics, time factors and conditions of elements and senses are also described.
  14. It is the substratum (Prakrti) that by nature goes through latent, uprising and unmanifested phases.
  15. The succession of these different phases is the cause of the difference in stages of evolution.
  16. By practicing samyama on the three stages of evolution comes knowledge of the past and future.
  17. A word, its meaning and the idea behin[d] it are normally confused because of superimposition upon one another. By samyama on the word (or sound) produced by any being, knowledge of its meaning is obtained.
  18. By direct perception, through samyama, of one’s mental impressions, knowledge of the past birth is obtained.
  19. By samyama on the distinguishing signs of other’s bodies, knowledge of their mental images is obtained.
  20. But this does not include the support in the person’s mind (such as the motive behind the thought, etc.), as that is not the object of samyama.
  21. By samyama on the form of one’s body and by checking the power of perception by intercepting light from the eyes of the observer, the body becomes invisible.
  22. In the same way, the disappearance of sound (and touch, taste smell, etc.) is explained.
  23. Karmas are of two kinds: quickly manifesting and slowly manifesting. By samyama on them, or on the portents of death, the knowledge of the time of death is obtained.
  24. By samyama on friendliness and other such qualities, the power to transmit them is obtained.
  25. By samyama on the strength of elephants and other such animals, their strength is obtained.
  26. By samyama on the Light within, the knowledge of the subtle, hidden and remote is obtained. (Note: subtle as atoms, hidden as treasure, remote as distant lands.)
  27. By samyama on the sun, knowledge of the entire solar system is obtained.
  28. By samyama on the moon, comes knowledge of the stars’ arrangement.
  29. By samyama on the pole star comes knowledge of stars’ movements.
  30. By samyama on the navel plexus, knowledge of the body’s constitution is obtained.
  31. By samyama on the pit of the throat, sensation of hunger and thirst is achieved.
  32. By samyama on the kurma nadi (a subtle tortoise-shaped tube located below the throat), motionlessness in meditative powers is achieved.
  33. By samyama on the light at the crown of the head (sahasrara chakra) visions of masters and adepts are obtained.
  34. Or, in the knowledge that dawns by spontaneous enlightenment (through a life of purity), all the powers come by themselves.
  35. By samyama on the heart, the knowledge of the mind-stuff is obtained.
  36. The intellect and the Purusa (Atman, Self) are totally different, the intellect existing for the sake of the Purusa, while the Purusa exists for its own sake. Not distinguishing this is the case of all experiences; and by samyama on the distinction, knowledge of the Purusa is gained.
  37. From this knowledge arises superphysical hearing, touching, seeing, tasting and smelling through spontaneous intuition.
  38. These (superphysical sense) are obstacles to [nirbija] samadhi but are siddhis (powers of accomplishments) in the worldy pursuits.
  39. By the loosening of the cause (of the bondage of mind to body) and by knowledge of the procedure of the mind-stuff’s functioning, entering another’s body is accomplished.
  40. By mastery over the udana nerve current (the upward vital air), one accomplishes levitation over water, swamps, thorns, etc. and can leave the body at will.
  41. By mastery over the samana nerve current (the equalizing vital air) comes radiance to support the body.
  42. By samyama on the relationship between ear and ether, supernormal hearing becomes possible.
  43. By samyama on the relationship between the body and ether, lightness of cotton fiber is attained, and thus traveling through the ether becomes possible.
  44. By samyama on the thought waves unidentified by and external to the body (maha-videha, or the great bodilessness), the veil over the light of the Self is destroyed.
  45. By samyama on the gross and subtle elements and on their essential nature, correlations and purpose, mastery over them is gained.
  46. From that comes attainment of anima and other siddhis, bodily perfection and non-obstruction of bodily functions by the influence of the elements.
  47. Beauty, grace, strength, adamantine hardness and robustness constitute bodily perfection.
  48. By samyama on the power of perception and on the essential nature, correlation with the ego sense and purpose of the sense organs, mastery over them is gained.
  49. From that, the body gains the power to move as fast as the mind, the ability to function without the aid of the sense order the primary cause (Prakrti).
  50. By recognition of the distinction between sattva (the pure reflective nature) and the Self, supremacy over all states and forms of existence [omnipotence] is gained, as is omniscience.
  51. By non-attachment even to that [siddhis], the seed of bondage is destroyed and thus follows kaivalya (independence).
  52. The Yogi should neither accept nor smile with pride at the admiration of even the celestials being, as there is the possibility of getting caught again in the undesirable.
  53. By samyama on single movements in sequence comes discriminative knowledge.
  54. Thus, the indistinguishable differences between objects that are alike in species, characteristic marks and positions become distinguishable.
  55. The discriminative knowledge that simultaneously comprehends all objects in all conditions is the intuitive knowledge which brings liberation.
  56. When the tranquil mind attains purity to that of the self, there is Absoluteness.

Chapter Three Study Overview


Chapter Four (Kaivalya Pada – Solitude/Absoluteness Foot | Section on Spiritual Liberation)


A discussion of cosmic philosophy.


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  1. Siddhis are born of practices performed in previous births, or by herbs, mantra repetition, asceticism or by samadhi.
  2. The transformation of one species into another is brought about by the inflow of Nature.
  3. Incidental events do not directly cause natural evolution; they just remove the obstacles as a farmer (removes the obstacles in the water course running to the field).
  4. A Yogi’s ego sense alone is the cause of (other) artificially created minds.
  5. Although the functions in the many created minds may differ, the original mind-stuff of the Yogi is the director of them all.
  6. Only the minds born of meditation are free from karmic impressions.
  7. The actions of the Yogi are neither white nor black; but the actions of others are of three kinds: good, bad and mixed.
  8. Of these (actions), only those vasanas (subconscious impressions) for which there are favorable conditions for producing their fruits will manifest in a particular birth.
  9. Although desires are separated from their fulfillments by class, space, and time, they have an uninterrupted relationship because the impressions (of desires) and memories of them are identical.
  10. Since the desire to live is eternal, impressions are also beginningless.
  11. The impressions being held together by cause, effect, basis and support, they disappear with the disappearance of these four.
  12. The past and future exist in the real form of objects which manifest due to difference in the conditions of their characteristics.
  13. Whether manifested or subtle, these characteristics belong to the nature of the gunas.
  14. The reality of things is due to the uniformity of the gunas’ transformations.
  15. Due to differences in various minds, perception of even the same object may vary.
  16. Nor does an object’s existence depend upon a single mind, for if it did, what would become of that object when that mind did not perceive it?
  17. An object is known or unknown depending on whether or not the mind gets colored by it.
  18. Due to Its changelessness, changes in the mind-stuff are always known to the Purusa, who is its master.
  19. The mind-stuff is not self-luminous because it is an object of perception by the Purusa.
  20. The mind-stuff cannot perceive both subject and object simultaneously (which proved it is not self-luminous).
  21. If the perception of one mind by another mind is postulated, we would have to assume an endless number of them and the result would be confusion of memory.
  22. The consciousness of the Purusa is unchangeable; by getting the reflection of it, the mind-stuff becomes conscious of the Self.
  23. The mind-stuff, when colored by both Seer and seen, understands everything.
  24. Though having countless desires, the mind-stuff exists for the sake of another [the Purusa] because it can act only in association with It.
  25. To one who sees the distinction between the mind and the Atman, thoughts of mind as the Atman cease forever.
  26. Then the mind-stuff is inclined toward discrimination and gravitates toward Absoluteness.
  27. In-between, distracting thoughts may arise due to past impressions.
  28. They can be removed, as in the case of the obstacles explained before. (See Book Two, sutras 1, 2, 10, 11, and 26.)
  29. One who, due to his or her perfect discrimination, is totally disinterested even in the highest rewards, remains in the constant discriminative discernment, which is called dharmamegha (cloud of dharma) samadhi. (Note: The meaning of dharma includes virtue, justice, law, duty, morality, religion, religious merit and steadfast decree.)
  30. From that samadhi all afflictions and karmas cease.
  31. Then all the coverings and impurities of knowledge are totally removed. Because of the infinity of this knowledge, what remains to be known is almost nothing.
  32. Then the gunas terminate their sequence of transformations because they have fulfilled their purpose.
  33. The sequence (referred to above) means an uninterrupted secession of movements which can be recognized at the end of their transformations.
  34. Thus, the supreme state of Independence manifests while the gunas reabsorb themselves into Prakrti, having no more purpose to serve Purusa. Or (to look from another angle) the power of pure consciousness settles into its own nature.

Chapter Four Study Overview

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