The Ultimate Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali Study Guide | Read All Sutras


Chapter Two (Sadhana Pada – Daily Spiritual Practice Foot | Section on Practice)


A discussion of the practical application of Yogic knowledge and theory. Provides an overview of Yoga Limbs 1-5.


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  1. Accepting pain as help for purification, study of spiritual books and surrender to the Supreme Being constitute Yoga in practice.
  2. They help us minimize obstacles and attain samadhi.
  3. Ignorance, egoism, attachment, hatred and clinging to bodily life are the five obstacles.
  4. Ignorance is the field for the others mentioned after it, whether they be dormant, feeble, intercepted or sustained.
  5. Ignorance is regarding the impermanent as permanent, the impure as pure, the painful as pleasant and the non-Self as the Self.
  6. Egoism is the identification, as it were, of the power of the Seer (Purusa) with that of the instrument of seeing (body-mind).
  7. Attachment is that which follows identification with pleasurable experiences.
  8. Aversion is that which follows identification with painful experiences.
  9. Clinging to life, flowing by its own potency (due to past experience), exists even in the wise.
  10. In subtle form, these obstacles can be destroyed by resolving them back into their primal cause (the ego).
  11. In the active state, they can be destroyed by meditation.
  12. The womb of karmas (actions and reactions) has its root in these obstacles, and the karmas bring experiences in the seen (present) or in the unseen (future) births.
  13. With the existence of the root, there will be fruits also; namely, the births of different species of life, their life spans and experiences.
  14. The karmas bear fruits of pleasure and pain caused by merit and demerit.
  15. To one of discrimination, everything is painful indeed, due to its consequences: the anxiety and fear over losing what is gained; the resulting impressions left in the mind to create renewed cravings; and the constant conflict among the three gunas, which control the mind.
  16. Pain that has not yet come is avoidable.
  17. The cause of that avoidable pain is the union (here meaning Samyogha or work that creates connection with the True Self) of the Seer (Purusa) and the Seen (Prakrti or Nature).
  18. The seen is of the nature of the gunas: illumination, activity and inertia, and consists of the element and seen organs, whose purpose is to provide experiences and liberation to the Purusa.
  19. The stages of the gunas are specific, non-specific, defined and undefinable.
  20. The Seer is nothing but the power of seeing which, although pure, appears through the mind.
  21. The seen exists only for the sake of the Seer.
  22. Although destroyed for the one who has attained liberation, it (the seen) still exists for others, being common to them.
  23. The union (meaning of the Owner {Purusa} and Owned {Prakrti} caused the recognition of the nature and powers of both.
  24. The cause of this union (here meaning confusion with the two as synonymous) is ignorance.
  25. Without this ignorance, no such union (meaning confusion with the two as the same) occurs. This is the independence of the Seer.
  26. Uninterrupted discriminative discernment is the method for its removal.
  27. One’s wisdom in the final stage is sevenfold.
  28. By the practice of the limbs of Yoga, the impurities dwindle away and there dawns the light of wisdom, leading to discriminative discernment.
  29. The eight limbs of Yoga are
    1. Yama (abstinence)
    2. Niyama (observance)
    3. Asana (posture practice)
    4. Pranayama (breath control)
    5. Pratyahara (sense withdrawal)
    6. Dharana (concentration)
    7. Dhyana (meditation)
    8. Samadhi (contemplation, absorption, superconscious state).
  30. Yama consists of nonviolence, truthfulness, non-stealing, continence and non-greed.
  31. These great vows are universal, not limited by class, place, time or circumstance.
  32. Niyama consists of purity, contentment, accepting but not causing pain, the study of spiritual books and worship of God (self-surrender).
  33. When disturbed by negative thoughts, opposite (positive) ones should be thought of. This is pratipaksa bhavana.
  34. When negative thoughts or acts of such violence, etc. are done, caused to be done or even approved of–whether incited by greed, anger or infatuation–whether indulged in with mild, medium or extreme intensity, they are based on ignorance and bring certain pain. Reflecting upon this is also pratipaksa bhavana.
  35. In the presence of one firmly established in nonviolence, all hostilities cease.
  36. To one established in truthfulness, actions and their results become subservient.
  37. To one established in non-stealing all wealth comes.
  38. By one established in continence, vigor is gained.
  39. When non-greed is confirmed, a thorough illumination of the how and why of one’s birth comes. [When you are not greedy, you become aware of your purpose in life.]
  40. By purification arises disgust for one’s own body and for contact with other bodies.
  41. Moreover, one gains purity of sattva, cheerfulness of mind, onepointedness, mastery over the senses and fitness for Self-realization.
  42. By contentment, supreme joy is gained.
  43. By austerity, impurities of body and senses are destroyed and occult powers gained.
  44. By study of spiritual books comes communion with one’s chosen deity.
  45. By total surrender to God, samadhi is attained.
  46. Asana is steady, comfortable posture.
  47. By lessening the natural tendency for restlessness and by meditating on the infinite, posture is mastered.
  48. Thereafter, one is not disturbed by the dualities.
  49. That (firm posture) being acquired, the movements of inhalation and exhalation should be controlled. This is pranayama.
  50. The modifications of the life-breath are either external, internal or stationary. They are to be regulated by space, time and number and are either long or short.
  51. There is a fourth kind of pranayama that occurs during concentration on an internal or external object.
  52. As its result, the veil over the inner light is destroyed.
  53. And the mind becomes fit for concentration.
  54. When the senses withdraw themselves from the objects and imitate, as it were, the nature of the mind-stuff, this is pratyaharah.
  55. Then follows supreme mastery over the senses.

Chapter Two Study Overview

Chapter Two Introductions & Prompts

Sutra Studies Week 38: Practice Starts With Accepting Pain & Discipline And Focusing On Higher Knowing And Being (Sutras 2.1-2.2) Sutra Studies Week 38: Practice Starts With Accepting Pain & Discipline And Focusing On Higher Knowing And Being (Sutras 2.1-2.2)
Sutra Studies Week 39: The Five [Most Destructive] Obstacles To An Effective Sadhana Practice [Those That Eliminate Success On The Eightfold Path] (Sutras 2.3-2.9) Sutra Studies Week 39: The Five [Most Destructive] Obstacles To An Effective Sadhana Practice [Those That Eliminate Success On The Eightfold Path] (Sutras 2.3-2.9)
Sutra Studies Week 40: The Many Challenges Of Ego-Overidentification And How Meditation “Works Them Out” (Sutras 2.10-2.11) Sutra Studies Week 40: The Many Challenges Of Ego-Overidentification And How Meditation “Works Them Out” (Sutras 2.10-2.11)
Sutra Studies Week 41: The Breeding Ground For All Karma Is Rooted In The Five Obstacles Of ‘Ignorance, Egoism, Attachment, Hatred, And Clinging To Bodily Life’ (Sutra 2.12) Sutra Studies Week 41: The Breeding Ground For All Karma Is Rooted In The Five Obstacles Of ‘Ignorance, Egoism, Attachment, Hatred, And Clinging To Bodily Life’ (Sutra 2.12)
Sutra Studies Week 42: With Ignorance, Future Suffering Is Inevitable | With Knowledge That Leads To Union, Future Suffering Is Avoidable (Sutras 2.13-2.17) Sutra Studies Week 42: With Ignorance, Future Suffering Is Inevitable | With Knowledge That Leads To Union, Future Suffering Is Avoidable (Sutras 2.13-2.17)
Sutra Studies Week 43: Recognizing And Balancing/Controlling One’s Tendencies [Gunas] In Maya (Sutras 2.18-2.19) Sutra Studies Week 43: Recognizing And Balancing/Controlling One’s Tendencies [Gunas] In Maya (Sutras 2.18-2.19)
Sutra Studies Week 44: The Seer Is Pure Consciousness Perceiving (Sutra 2.20) Sutra Studies Week 44: The Seer Is Pure Consciousness Perceiving (Sutra 2.20)
Sutra Studies Week 45: What Binds You Holds The Key That Sets You Free (Sutra 2.21) Sutra Studies Week 45: What Binds You Holds The Key That Sets You Free (Sutra 2.21)
Sutra Studies Week 46: The One And Only Reality (Sutra 2.22) Sutra Studies Week 46: The One And Only Reality (Sutra 2.22)
Sutra Studies Week 47: The Ultimate Power Of Creation/Manifestation (Sutra 2.23) Sutra Studies Week 47: The Ultimate Power Of Creation/Manifestation (Sutra 2.23)
Sutra Studies Week 48: Ignorance Was The Catalyst For Conscious Form (Sutra 2.24) Sutra Studies Week 48: Ignorance Was The Catalyst For Conscious Form (Sutra 2.24)
Sutra Studies Week 49: Pure Consciousness Is Not Changed, Defined, Nor Bound By Ignorance, Form, Nor Experience (Sutras 2.25) Sutra Studies Week 49: Pure Consciousness Is Not Changed, Defined, Nor Bound By Ignorance, Form, Nor Experience (Sutras 2.25)
Sutra Studies Week 50: Sustaining A Mind-Field That Grows No Seeds Of Ignorance (2.26) Sutra Studies Week 50: Sustaining A Mind-Field That Grows No Seeds Of Ignorance (2.26)
Sutra Studies Week 52: The Eight Purification Practices To Self-Realization (Sutras 2.28-2.29) Sutra Studies Week 52: The Eight Purification Practices To Self-Realization (Sutras 2.28-2.29)
Sutra Studies Week 53: No Drama Just Yama | Stepping On The Path Of True Meritocracy With Fair And Equal Universal Standards (Sutra 2.30) Sutra Studies Week 53: No Drama Just Yama | Stepping On The Path Of True Meritocracy With Fair And Equal Universal Standards (Sutra 2.30)
Sutra Studies Week 54: These Vows Are Universal | No One Gets An Exception, An Excuse, Or A Worldly Pass (Sutra 2.31) Sutra Studies Week 54: These Vows Are Universal | No One Gets An Exception, An Excuse, Or A Worldly Pass (Sutra 2.31)
Sutra Studies Week 55: Niyama | Letting Go Of The Ego (Sutra 2.32) Sutra Studies Week 55: Niyama | Letting Go Of The Ego (Sutra 2.32)
Sutra Studies Week 56: Mental Alchemy | The Practice Of Transforming Disturbing/Negative Thoughts | With Worksheet #1 (Sutras 2.33-2.34) Sutra Studies Week 56: Mental Alchemy | The Practice Of Transforming Disturbing/Negative Thoughts | With Worksheet #1 (Sutras 2.33-2.34)
Sutra Studies Week 57: What Yamas And Niyamas Give For The “Sacrifice” Of Lower Attachments (Sutras 2.35-2.45) Sutra Studies Week 57: What Yamas And Niyamas Give For The “Sacrifice” Of Lower Attachments (Sutras 2.35-2.45)
Sutra Studies Week 58: Asana, On The Eightfold Path, Is Balanced, Undisturbed, Posture That Creates Fitness On More Than One Level And For [Ultimately] A Non-Physical Spiritual Purpose (Sutras 2.46-2.48) Sutra Studies Week 58: Asana, On The Eightfold Path, Is Balanced, Undisturbed, Posture That Creates Fitness On More Than One Level And For [Ultimately] A Non-Physical Spiritual Purpose (Sutras 2.46-2.48)
Sutra Studies Week 59: Lifting The Veil Over The Inner Light Through Pranayama Practice (Sutras 2.49-2.53) Sutra Studies Week 59: Lifting The Veil Over The Inner Light Through Pranayama Practice (Sutras 2.49-2.53)
Sutra Studies Week 60: Mastery Over The Effects Of Objects On The Senses And The Mind (Sutras 2.54-2.55) Sutra Studies Week 60: Mastery Over The Effects Of Objects On The Senses And The Mind (Sutras 2.54-2.55)

Chapter Two Check-ins

Sutra Studies Week 38: Check-In | Your Nature Beyond Fear – Evolving With Life Sutra Studies Week 38: Check-In | Your Nature Beyond Fear – Evolving With Life
Sutra Studies Week 39: Check-In | Creating Destruction And Suffering In The Pursuit Of Endless Empty Desires And Egoic Distortions Is One Of The Ultimate Manifestations Of Human Ignorance Sutra Studies Week 39: Check-In | Creating Destruction And Suffering In The Pursuit Of Endless Empty Desires And Egoic Distortions Is One Of The Ultimate Manifestations Of Human Ignorance
Sutra Studies Week 40: Check-In | Removing The Shackles And Veil Of Maya/Illusion Sutra Studies Week 40: Check-In | Removing The Shackles And Veil Of Maya/Illusion
Sutra Studies Week 41: Check-In | Non-Attachment (Vairagya) Has To Be Complete To Gain True Self-Mastery And Liberation Sutra Studies Week 41: Check-In | Non-Attachment (Vairagya) Has To Be Complete To Gain True Self-Mastery And Liberation
Sutra Studies Week 42: Check-In | Only Direct Experience Will Get You To Your Goal Sutra Studies Week 42: Check-In | Only Direct Experience Will Get You To Your Goal
Sutra Studies Week 43: Check-In | What It Truly Means To Control/Transcend The Gunas Sutra Studies Week 43: Check-In | What It Truly Means To Control/Transcend The Gunas
Sutra Studies Week 44: Check-In | Tuning Into The “All That Is” Sutra Studies Week 44: Check-In | Tuning Into The “All That Is”
Sutra Studies Week 45: Check-In | Life Is Here For The All-Seeing Sutra Studies Week 45: Check-In | Life Is Here For The All-Seeing
Sutra Studies Week 46: Check-In | Knowing The Self Through Experience Sutra Studies Week 46: Check-In | Knowing The Self Through Experience
Sutra Studies Week 47: Check-In | The Power Of Duality Reflected By The Power Of The Absolute Sutra Studies Week 47: Check-In | The Power Of Duality Reflected By The Power Of The Absolute
Sutra Studies Week 48: Check-In | Transcending The Illusion Of Darkness And Light Sutra Studies Week 48: Check-In | Transcending The Illusion Of Darkness And Light
Sutra Studies Week 49: Check-In | Seeing Love/Pure Consciousness In All Things And Connecting With Others Beyond Personhood Sutra Studies Week 49: Check-In | Seeing Love/Pure Consciousness In All Things And Connecting With Others Beyond Personhood
Sutra Studies Week 50: Check-In | The Ignorance Of Unconscious Bias (For Example Racial Bias) Is Often Tied To A Strong Attachments To Ego-Identity For Most Sutra Studies Week 50: Check-In | The Ignorance Of Unconscious Bias (For Example Racial Bias) Is Often Tied To A Strong Attachments To Ego-Identity For Most
Sutra Studies Week 51: Check-In | The Distinction Between Pain And Suffering (Ignorance And Knowledge/Awareness) Sutra Studies Week 51: Check-In | The Distinction Between Pain And Suffering (Ignorance And Knowledge/Awareness)
Sutra Studies Week 52: Check-In | Spiritual Practice Is Attuning With Reality And Acknowledging/Understanding The Nature Of Dense reality/Maya Sutra Studies Week 52: Check-In | Spiritual Practice Is Attuning With Reality And Acknowledging/Understanding The Nature Of Dense reality/Maya
Sutra Studies Week 53: Check-In | It’s Simple And Simultaneously Complex, But Don’t Make It Complicated Or Harder Than It Needs To Be Sutra Studies Week 53: Check-In | It’s Simple And Simultaneously Complex, But Don’t Make It Complicated Or Harder Than It Needs To Be
Sutra Studies Week 55: Check-In | Niyama Practice And The Greater Reality Sutra Studies Week 55: Check-In | Niyama Practice And The Greater Reality
Sutra Studies Week 56: Check-In | Beyond The Ego-Perspective | Worksheet 2 – Developing Higher Cognitive Awareness And Mental Flexibility Sutra Studies Week 56: Check-In | Beyond The Ego-Perspective | Worksheet 2 – Developing Higher Cognitive Awareness And Mental Flexibility
Sutra Studies Week 57: Check-In | Once The “Strongest” Illusion Is Cleared The Foundation For Clearing All Other Illusions Flows Naturally From There Sutra Studies Week 57: Check-In | Once The “Strongest” Illusion Is Cleared The Foundation For Clearing All Other Illusions Flows Naturally From There
Sutra Studies Week 58: Check-In | Not Being Disturbed By Dualities Sutra Studies Week 58: Check-In | Not Being Disturbed By Dualities
Sutra Studies Week 59: Check-In | Breaking Your Illusions Sets You Free From Maya Sutra Studies Week 59: Check-In | Breaking Your Illusions Sets You Free From Maya
Sutra Studies Week 60: Check-In | Hormones, Desires, And Fears, Oh My! | Controlling Your Animal Nature To Be Seduced And/Or Distracted By “Pleasurable” To “Scary” Things Sutra Studies Week 60: Check-In | Hormones, Desires, And Fears, Oh My! | Controlling Your Animal Nature To Be Seduced And/Or Distracted By “Pleasurable” To “Scary” Things

Chapter Two Reflections

Sutra Studies Week 38: Reflections On The Fact That Practice Starts With Accepting Pain & Discipline And Focusing On Higher Knowing And Being (Sutras 2.1-2.2) Sutra Studies Week 38: Reflections On The Fact That Practice Starts With Accepting Pain & Discipline And Focusing On Higher Knowing And Being (Sutras 2.1-2.2)
Sutra Studies Week 39: Reflections On The Five Obstacles To An Effective Sadhana Practice (Sutras 2.3-2.9) [With Guided Meditation] Sutra Studies Week 39: Reflections On The Five Obstacles To An Effective Sadhana Practice (Sutras 2.3-2.9) [With Guided Meditation]
Sutra Studies Week 40: Reflections On The Many Challenges Of Ego-Overidentification And How Meditation “Works Them Out” (Sutras 2.10-2.11) Sutra Studies Week 40: Reflections On The Many Challenges Of Ego-Overidentification And How Meditation “Works Them Out” (Sutras 2.10-2.11)
Sutra Studies Week 41: Reflections On The Breeding Ground For All Karma Is Rooted In The Five Obstacles Of ‘Ignorance, Egoism, Attachment, Hatred, And Clinging To Bodily Life’ (Sutra 2.12) Sutra Studies Week 41: Reflections On The Breeding Ground For All Karma Is Rooted In The Five Obstacles Of ‘Ignorance, Egoism, Attachment, Hatred, And Clinging To Bodily Life’ (Sutra 2.12)
Sutra Studies Week 42: Reflections On The Fact That With Ignorance, Future Suffering Is Inevitable | With Knowledge That Leads To Union, Future Suffering Is Avoidable (Sutras 2.13-2.17) Sutra Studies Week 42: Reflections On The Fact That With Ignorance, Future Suffering Is Inevitable | With Knowledge That Leads To Union, Future Suffering Is Avoidable (Sutras 2.13-2.17)
Sutra Studies Week 44: Reflections On The Fact That The Seer Is Pure Consciousness Perceiving (Sutra 2.20) [With Video] Sutra Studies Week 44: Reflections On The Fact That The Seer Is Pure Consciousness Perceiving (Sutra 2.20) [With Video]
Sutra Studies Week 45: Reflections On The Fact That What Binds You Sets You Free (Sutra 2.21) [Preview With Video] Sutra Studies Week 45: Reflections On The Fact That What Binds You Sets You Free (Sutra 2.21) [Preview With Video]
Sutra Studies Week 46: Reflections On The One And Only Reality (Sutra 2.22) Sutra Studies Week 46: Reflections On The One And Only Reality (Sutra 2.22)
Sutra Studies Week 47: Reflections On The Ultimate Power Of Creation/Manifestation (Sutra 2.23) Sutra Studies Week 47: Reflections On The Ultimate Power Of Creation/Manifestation (Sutra 2.23)
Sutra Studies Week 48: Reflections On Ignorance Being The Catalyst For Conscious Form (Sutra 2.24) Sutra Studies Week 48: Reflections On Ignorance Being The Catalyst For Conscious Form (Sutra 2.24)
Sutra Studies Week 49: Reflections On The Fact That Pure Consciousness Is Not Changed, Defined, Nor Bound By Ignorance, Form, Nor Experience (Sutras 2.25) Sutra Studies Week 49: Reflections On The Fact That Pure Consciousness Is Not Changed, Defined, Nor Bound By Ignorance, Form, Nor Experience (Sutras 2.25)
Sutra Studies Week 50: Reflections On Sustaining A Mind-Field That Grows No Seeds Of Ignorance (2.26) [Excerpt] Sutra Studies Week 50: Reflections On Sustaining A Mind-Field That Grows No Seeds Of Ignorance (2.26) [Excerpt]
Sutra Studies Week 51: Reflections On Self-Realization/Self-Awareness Wiping Out All Ignorance, Making Room For The Full Development Of Wisdom (Sutra 2.27) Sutra Studies Week 51: Reflections On Self-Realization/Self-Awareness Wiping Out All Ignorance, Making Room For The Full Development Of Wisdom (Sutra 2.27)
Sutra Studies Week 52: Reflections On The Eight Purification Practices To Self-Realization (Sutras 2.28-2.29) [Excerpt] Sutra Studies Week 52: Reflections On The Eight Purification Practices To Self-Realization (Sutras 2.28-2.29) [Excerpt]
Sutra Studies Week 53: Reflections On No Drama Just Yama | Stepping On The Path Of True Meritocracy With Fair And Equal Universal Standards (Sutra 2.30) [Excerpt] Sutra Studies Week 53: Reflections On No Drama Just Yama | Stepping On The Path Of True Meritocracy With Fair And Equal Universal Standards (Sutra 2.30) [Excerpt]
Sutra Studies Week 54: Reflections On The Fact That These Vows Are Universal | No One Gets An Exception, An Excuse, Or A Worldly Pass (Sutra 2.31) Sutra Studies Week 54: Reflections On The Fact That These Vows Are Universal | No One Gets An Exception, An Excuse, Or A Worldly Pass (Sutra 2.31)
Sutra Studies Week 55: Reflections On Niyama | Letting Go Of The Ego (Sutra 2.32) [Excerpt] Sutra Studies Week 55: Reflections On Niyama | Letting Go Of The Ego (Sutra 2.32) [Excerpt]
Sutra Studies Week 56: Reflections On Mental Alchemy | The Practice Of Transforming Disturbing/Negative Thoughts (Sutras 2.33-2.34) [Excerpt] Sutra Studies Week 56: Reflections On Mental Alchemy | The Practice Of Transforming Disturbing/Negative Thoughts (Sutras 2.33-2.34) [Excerpt]
Sutra Studies Week 57: Reflections On What Yamas And Niyamas Give For The “Sacrifice” Of Lower Attachments (Sutras 2.35-2.45) [Excerpt] Sutra Studies Week 57: Reflections On What Yamas And Niyamas Give For The “Sacrifice” Of Lower Attachments (Sutras 2.35-2.45) [Excerpt]
Sutra Studies Week 58: Reflections On The Fact That Asana, On The Eightfold Path, Is Balanced, Undisturbed, Posture That Creates Fitness On More Than One Level And For [Ultimately] A Non-Physical Spiritual Purpose (Sutras 2.46-2.48) [Excerpt] Sutra Studies Week 58: Reflections On The Fact That Asana, On The Eightfold Path, Is Balanced, Undisturbed, Posture That Creates Fitness On More Than One Level And For [Ultimately] A Non-Physical Spiritual Purpose (Sutras 2.46-2.48) [Excerpt]
Sutra Studies Week 59: Reflections On Lifting The Veil Over The Inner Light Through Pranayama Practice (Sutras 2.49-2.53) [Excerpt] Sutra Studies Week 59: Reflections On Lifting The Veil Over The Inner Light Through Pranayama Practice (Sutras 2.49-2.53) [Excerpt]
Sutra Studies Week 60: Reflections On Mastery Over The Effects Of Objects On The Senses And The Mind (Sutras 2.54-2.55) [Excerpt] Sutra Studies Week 60: Reflections On Mastery Over The Effects Of Objects On The Senses And The Mind (Sutras 2.54-2.55) [Excerpt]

Page 1: Introduction | Page 2: Overview | Page 3: Chapter 1 | Page 4: Chapter 2 | Page 5: Chapter 3 | Page 6: Chapter 4 | Page 7: Additional Learning

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